Otto Hahn was German Scientist known as chemist who discovered nuclear fission. He involved in several researches related to chemist substances that affect nuclear atomic and fission. He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovery and proof of radiochemical nuclear.
He was born on 8 March 1670, in Frankfurt, Prussia and died on 28 July 1968 in Gottingen, West Germany. During lifetime, he focused mostly in chemist and actively collaborated with several scientists. He also discovered several chemist substances.
Early Life and Education
His father is Heirich Hahn and his mother is Charlotte Giese. He had siblings, Karl, Julius, and Heiner. He studied at early age in local elementary school then finished high school. His interest to chemist was begun in age 15 years old.
After finished Abitur, Otto Hahn went to University of Marburg to study philosophy and physics. He spent last semester under Adolf von Baeyer. He received doctorate degree in 1901. The next job was an assistant under Theodor Zincke.
In order to pursue his interest, he moved to London. He worked under William Ramsay in radiochemistry field. While working, he discovered radiothorium. Ramsey mentioned him as the bright young scientist in article.
In 1905, he started to work under Rutherford in Montreal, Canada. In this place, he also found other elements or substances called radioactinium, thorium C, and radium D. He returned to German and worked in Berlin to collaborate with Emil Fischer. He founded several substances, mainly mesothorium.
During World War I, he served in military. He became soldier until the war was end and he resumed to work in 1918. He collaborated with Meitner to conduct several experiments. Both found substances called brevium and protoactinium. He also published discovery of Uranium Z in 1921.
He continued to work with Lise Meitner alongside his assistant, Fritz Strassmann. In that time, nuclear substances gained more attention due to extensive report of discoveries from many scientists.
He founded what today known as nuclear fission using plutonium. He tried to explain this concept as simple as possible. With this discovery, he began to earn legacy as top scientist in history.
Otto Hahn was regarded to receive the Nobel Prize in his early work. He was awarded for this prize in 1944 from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. His works on nuclear fission and discovery of many substances were more than enough to legitimate his claim for this prize.
He had responsibility to science, especially chemistry. He was founder of Max Planck Society. This organization focused to expand researches and science for better world.
Honors, Legacies, and Awards
He was prolific chemist who found many substances. His legacy started in early age after working in German then moved to England and Canada. After that, he continued to conduct experiment with his partner and assistant. The greatest legacy was the Nobel Prize.
Besides researcher, Otto Hahn became lecturer in several universities. He received honors and awards regarding his works. Moreover, he was also a part of several organizations and societies in science, physics, and chemistry field.